Късноантична монетна находка от Горубляне

Late Antiquity coin hoard from Gorublyane

  • Svetoslava Filipova Kyustendil Regional Museum of History

Abstract

In 1966 in Gorublyane a masonry grave was accidentally revealed made of round stones and mortar. A hoard containing 77 bronze coins was found next to arm bones of the skeleton. It entered the depot of Sofia History Museum under Inv. N 2318. Although the hoard has been already considered in some studies, its composition is a bit different from what has been presented in them and contains coins of Emperors Valentinian I (364-375) – 18 pieces, Valens (364-378) – 24 pieces, Gratian (367-383) – 12 pieces, Valentinian II (375-392) – 5 pieces, Theodosius I (379-395) – 10 pieces and Arcadius (383-408) – 5 pieces. The chronological limits of the hoard are 364-388. Its composition is homogeneous with the exception of one coin of Theodosius I belonging to the type of VOT V MVLT X with a nominal value of AE4; the nominal value of all the rest coins is AE3. The coins are in a relatively good condition. The relief of most of them has not been worn out suggesting their short participation in the circulation stream. Most probably they have been left as grave goods soon after minting of the latest coin emissions. The coins in the hoard of Gorublyane were issued by the mint yards in Siscia – 33 pieces, Thessaloniki – 28 pieces, Aquileia – 2 pieces, Heraclea – 1 piece and Cyzicus – 1 piece. The mints in Siscia and Thessaloniki are traditionally well represented by the coins struck during the period of 364 – 388. The coin hoard from Gorublyane appears to be among the largest ones and deposited at the latest in Southwestern Bulgaria. Nevertheless some cases of leaving coins as grave goods even in the 5th c., they are much rarer and predominantly only single pieces. The Christian requirement of burials in modest structures and accompanied by limited if any artifacts was getting tighter which was even more important for the next 6th c.

Published
2017-12-29
Section
Articles / Статии