Част от колективна монетна находка от XVI в. от село Горни Дъбник , Плевенско

Part of a hoard from the 16th c. from Gorni Dabnik village, Pleven region

  • Krasimir T. Krastev Shumen University
  • Venko Ivanov Pleven Regional Museum of History


In 1996, during excavation works in Gorni Dabnik village they found a leather bad with 30 silver coins (25 Ottoman and 5 Western European ones) that means a mixed hoard. The hoard ranks among the most emblematic ones from the period of the 16th – 17th c. known from the Bulgarian territory under the Ottoman domination. Four of the European coins belong to types that have not yet been documented on the territory of today’s Bulgaria.

The earliest Western European coin in the hoard is a Saxon one struck in 1539 in the mint yard of the town of Annaberg during the shared government of Dukes Johann Friedrich I and Heinrich (1539-1541). Its nominal value is half a Guldengroschen. The second coin is Guldiner from 1544 of the free imperial town of Kempten. The third coin is Reichsthaler from the joint coinage of the imperial towns of Deventer, Kempten and Zwolle, struck in 1555 under Emperor Charles V (1519-1556). The fourth European coin is Swiss thaler issued in 1561 by the three oldest Cantons of Uri, Schwitz and Unterwalden. The last European coin belongs to the County of Ostfriesland struck in 1564 under the shared rule of Erhard II and his younger brothers Christoph and Johann (1540-1566). The Ottoman coins in the hoard are 25 in number: one of Sultan Selim I (1512-1520); 6 pieces of Sultan Suleiman I (1520-1566); six pieces of Selim II (1566-1574); and 4 pieces of Murat III (1574-1595) (the remaining 8 coins cannot be identified). The coins were issued only by Balkan mints – Kunstantinie (Istanbul, Turkey), Edirne (Turkey), Novo Brdo (Kosovo), Üsküp (Skopje, FUR of Macedonia), Beograd (Serbia) and Sirus (Serres, Greece).

The reason and circumstances of concealing the coins remains unknown. It was probably a matter of personal concern.

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