Кратки бележки за „левантинските“ френски монети, за техните подражания от 50-те и 60-те години на XVII в. и за техния прием в османската империя

Brief notes on the Levantine French coins, their imitations from 1650s and 1660s and their reception in the Ottoman Empire

  • Nikolay Markov National Museum of History – Sofia


The purpose for writing this paper is the recently released work by Krasimir Krastev – Polish Trojaks and Their Imitations (Полските трояки и техните подражания. Историкии. V. 8. Faber Publishing House 2015, 49-62). After reading it became clear that in the Bulgarian literature there is a serious omission associated with the poor knowledge of some of the very interesting coins circulating over the territories of the Ottoman Empire, Bulgarian lands including, during the second half of the 17th c. – the French coins of 5 sol and their imitations and contemporary counterfeits. Therefore, after the required critical remarks on the work of K. Krastev, the paper presents briefly the problem with these coins – from the launching of their issue in 1641 and the saturation of the Ottoman markets in 1660s and 1670s with them and their imitations and counterfeits till their replacement by the new Ottoman coins in the early 18th c. As a result of the review of dozens of sources from the era – official acts and information of travelers, the author comes to the conclusion that the struggle against these incomplete foreign coins was conducted by French financiers in the context of poorly concealed resistance from the Ottoman authorities who tried to keep them in circulation to sustain the country’s economic life as at the same time the local mints had greatly reduced their production.

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